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New Issue: Forum on Direct Participation in Hostilities

We are pleased to announce that the Spring 2010 issue of the Jour­nal of Inter­na­tion­al Pol­i­tics is now avail­able online.  The bulk of Issue 42:3 is ded­i­cat­ed to dis­cus­sion of the ICRC Inter­pre­tive Guid­ance on the Notion of Direct Par­tic­i­pa­tion in Hos­til­i­ties, which was released last year.  The Forum fea­tures four respons­es to the work Inter­na­tion­al Com­mit­tee of the Red Cross:

  • Brig. Gen. (Ret.) Ken­neth Watkin, of the Cana­di­an Forces, dis­cuss­es the con­cept of “orga­nized armed groups” in the ICRC doc­u­ment.
  • Prof. Michael N. Schmitt, of Durham Uni­ver­si­ty Law School, ana­lyzes the ICRC’s fram­ing of the con­sti­tu­tive ele­ments of “direct par­tic­i­pa­tion.”
  • Air Cdre. Bill Booth­by of the RAF focus­es on the tem­po­ral dimen­sion of direct par­tic­i­pa­tion.
  • Col. (Ret.) W. Hays Parks, of the U.S. Depart­ment of Defense Office of Gen­er­al Coun­sel, crit­i­cizes the document’s restraints on the use of force in direct attack.

The Forum also con­tains a detailed response from Nils Melz­er, legal advis­er to the ICRC and author of the Inter­pre­tive Guid­ance doc­u­ment.  Pro­fes­sors Ryan Good­man (NYU School of Law) and Derek Jinks (Uni­ver­si­ty of Texas at Austin; U.S. Naval War Col­lege, 2009-10) present a brief intro­duc­tion.

In addi­tion, Issue 42:3 con­tains two illu­mi­nat­ing dis­cus­sions of the TRIPS regime, the World Trade Organization’s agree­ment on intel­lec­tu­al prop­er­ty rights.  Both exam­ine the bilat­er­al IP treaties fre­quent­ly known as TRIPS-Plus, which gen­er­al­ly pro­vide IP pro­tec­tion above and beyond that guar­an­teed by the orig­i­nal muli­ti­lat­er­al TRIPS agree­ment.  Beat­rice Lind­strom focus­es on TRIPS-Plus agree­ments in Asia and the Pacif­ic, and aruges that they have neg­a­tive exter­nal effects on stake­hold­ers who are not rep­re­sent­ed in nego­ti­a­tions.  Matthew Turk presents a much more san­guine view of TRIPS-Plus.  He argues that, while defects in the bar­gain­ing process argue for a “pro-devel­op­ment” inter­pre­ta­tion of the orig­i­nal TRIPS agree­ment, no such defects exist­ed in TRIPS-Plus nego­ti­a­tions.  There­fore, he con­cludes that the terms of TRIPS-Plus treaties should be inter­pret­ed lit­er­al­ly, to best effec­tu­ate the intent of the par­ties.

The issue also con­tains our usu­al roundup of book anno­ta­tions, many of which will be post­ed on this blog in the com­ing weeks.  Click the jump for more on Direct Par­tic­i­pa­tion in Hos­til­i­ties.

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